Half-Marathon Report

Last updated .

This report summarises Australian 21.0975 km half-marathons in 2013.

The entire population of half-marathons was included. The event website must have stated it was a standard half-marathon race for inclusion.

Thank you to Brendan Davies for compiling ACT and NSW data.

Australian half-marathon results from 2009 to 2013 are available here


1. Key Facts

Two thousand thirteen was a record-breaking year with 161 half-marathon events and 82,631 half-marathon performances.

Male:

  • 43,764 performances
  • 53.0 percent of all performances
  • 37.4 average age
  • 1:51:01 median time
  • 1:00:56 - fastest Australian male was Collis Birmingham in Japan
  • 1:01:57 - fastest male in Australia was Wilfred Kipkosgei Murgor of Kenya

Female:

  • 38,867 performances
  • 47.0 percent of all performances
  • 35.1 average age
  • 2:05:51 median time
  • 1:10:34 - fastest Australian female was Nikki Chapple in Japan
  • 1:11:00 - fastest female in Australia was Nikki Chapple of Australia

2. Participation

2.1 Events

A total of 161 half-marathons (HMs) had at least one finisher in 2013. This total was a 20 percent annual increase.

The number of trail HMs increased at a faster rate than road HMs. A 33 percent annual increase.

Most of the inaugural HMs were existing events that added a HM to their programme. Typically events extended their longest distance from 10km.

Three HMs were cancelled but expected to return next year:

  • Twilight in QLD due to a midrace storm (2,000 starters, 0 finishers)
  • Kedumba in NSW due to bushfires
  • Bairnsdale in VIC

Table 2.1.1: Half-Marathon events.

Year20092010201120122013
Roada899296101117
Trailb1418283344
Total103110124134161

a Road was defined as a course with mostly good-quality sealed surface that can be accurately measured.
b Trail was defined as a course with mostly unsealed track.


2.2 Performances

Note on terminology: More than one performance may be recorded by a performer. More than one run may be recorded by a runner.

A total of 82,631 HM performances in 2013. This total was a 9.3 percent annual increase.

The total comprised of 43,764 male and 38,867 female performances. An 15.5 percent increase of females was greater than of males although both sexes increased performances in absolute numbers.

Performances increased 5.0 percent in the same HMs from 2012 to 2013 (73,277 to 76,969).

Trail HMs performances increased 56.3 percent.


Table 2.2.1: Half-Marathon performances.a

Year20092010201120122013
Male31,02933,84337,32241,94843,764
Road30,62233,16036,13640,55541,716
Trail4076831,1861,3932,048
Female20,37124,24027,36533,64238,867
Road20,11623,84026,61932,65537,196
Trail2554007469871,671
Total51,40058,08364,68775,59082,631

a Complete results were not available for 31 HMs (5 in 2013). Numbers should be considered as at least this number of performances.


2.3 Performers

An attempt was made to estimate performers by using a database to match similar names, sex, relative times, and geographic distance between events.

The total number of performers was estimated at 65,509. An increase of 60 percent on 2009. The Australian population increased 6 percent during the same period.

There were approx 30 male half-marathoners for every 10,000 Australian males and 27 female half-marathoners for every 10,000 Australian females in 2013.

The number of HMs per runner per year was 1.26. Male performers finished HMs more frequently than female performers.


Table 2.3.1: Half-Marathon performers.

Year20092010201120122013
Male24,52026,49129,14232,58734,029
Female16,38519,92522,43127,37731,480
Total40,90546,41651,57359,96465,509
Australian Populationa21,874,90023,130,900

a Australian Bureau of Statistics estimate at 30 June.


Table 2.3.2: Half-Marathons per runner per year (performances divided by performers).

Year20092010201120122013
Male1.271.281.281.291.29
Female1.241.221.221.231.23
Total1.261.251.251.261.26

2.4 Gender

The proportion of male performances decreased to 53.0 percent. The absolute number of male performances did increase but at a slower rate than female performances.


Table 2.4.1: Gender proportion of performances.

Year20092010201120122013
Male60.458.357.755.553.0
Female39.641.742.344.547.0

2.5 Age

Age data was not reported for all HMs and a sample was used instead. The sample included 54,769 performances.

The average age was 35.1 for females and 37.4 for males (medians were 34 and 36).

The oldest HMs finishers were:

  • Ray Urbahn (84, NZL) finishing at Sunshine Coast in 2:32:19.
  • Erica Davanna (74) finishing at Melbourne in 2:52:27.

The sample comprised of 1.9 percent juniors (Under 20), 60.7 percent open runners (20–39), and 37.3 percent masters runners (40+).


Table 2.5.1: Age group percentages from sample:

AgeU2020–2930–3940–4950–5960–6970+All Ages
Male1.110.418.613.75.91.40.251.3
Female0.814.117.612.03.50.50.148.6
Total1.924.536.225.79.41.90.3100.0

2.6 Median Times

The road median time was 1:58:07. This time may be interpreted as the average runner getting slower.

Generally median times trend slower each year because of

  • The increasing proportion of females. The difference between male and female times was 15 minutes on average.
  • The increasing average age of finishers. The slowing is expected to accelerate as the proportion of 40+ increases.
  • Generous cut-off times in larger events attracting first-time runners and walkers.

Table 2.6.1: Road half-marathon median times.

Year20092010201120122013
Male1:48:431:49:511:50:541:51:181:51:01
Female2:02:572:04:282:05:202:06:142:05:51
Total1:54:221:56:141:57:191:58:101:58:07

Table 2.6.2: Road half-marathon median times from age sample.

AgeU2020–2930–3940–4950–5960–6970+
Male1:54:281:50:181:49:581:51:441:56:582:04:452:16:31
Female2:07:432:05:382:04:522:06:182:11:492:18:262:38:17
Total1:59:361:59:341:57:071:58:442:02:172:08:322:19:16

3. High Performance

3.1 Australian Nationals

This section is on performances by Australians recorded anywhere in the world. It includes record-ineligible races such as Great North Run.

The fastest male in the world was Bernard Koech (Kenya), 58:41 at San Diego.
The fastest Australian male was Collis Birmingham, 1:00:56 at Kagawa Marugame. He was fastest non-East African and 60th fastest male in the world.

The fastest female in the world was Priscah Jeptoo (Kenya), 1:05:45 at Great North Run.
The fastest Australian female was Nikki Chapple, 1:10:34 at Kagawa Marugame. She was the 96th fastest female in the world.

Noteworthy absentees from rankings:

  • Jeffrey Hunt was 1:05:35 at the HM split at Boston Marathon
  • Michael Shelley was 1:04:10 at the HM split at Beppu-Oita
  • Lisa Weightman went through halfway in approx 1:12 at Melbourne.

Table 3.1.1: National rankings (ranked by gun times).

MalesRankFemales
TimeNameEventTimeNameEvent
1:00:56aCollis BirminghamKagawa Marugame (JPN)11:10:34bNikki ChappleKagawa Marugame (JPN)
1:03:56Martin DentGold Coast (AUS)21:11:51Jessica TrengoveGold Coast (AUS)
1:04:38Liam AdamsSydney Morning Herald (AUS)31:13:33Lara TamsettGifu Seiryu (JPN)
1:04:56Harry SummersSydney Morning Herald (AUS)41:14:44Tarli BirdAV Burnley (AUS)
1:05:35Duer YoaMelbourne Marathon (AUS)51:15:37Lauren ShelleyGold Coast (AUS)
1:05:47Clint PerrettSemi de Paris (FRA)61:16:12Clare GeraghtyNoosa (AUS)
1:05:51Stephen DinneenGold Coast (AUS)71:16:17Claire AshworthSydney Morning Herald (AUS)
1:06:14Steve KellyAV Burnley (AUS)81:16:39Sarah KleinSydney Morning Herald (AUS)
1:06:15Nathan HartiganChristchurch (NZL)91:17:08Tracey AustinAV Burnley (AUS)
1:06:21Mitchel BrownAV Burnley (AUS)10[1:17:14]Jane FardellRun Sydney (AUS)

a Oceania and national record by current IAAF rules. Darren Wilson (1:00:02) and Stephen Moneghetti (1:00:06, 1:00:34, 1:00:27) set times on record-ineligible courses.
b National record is Kerryn McCann's 1:07:48 at Tokyo 2000.


Table 3.1.2: First and tenth ranking for selected nations in 2013.a

MalesRankFemales
NationTimeNameTimeName
Japan1:01:15Fumihiro Maruyama11:08:59Yukiko Akaba
1:02:15101:10:11
United States1:01:10Dathan Ritzenhein11:08:31Shalane Flanagan
1:02:46101:12:01
United Kingdom1:00:10Mohamed Farah11:10:19Gemma Steel
1:04:58101:13:59
New Zealand1:04:12Benjamin Ashkettle11:09:00Kimberley Smith
1:08:45101:19:34

a Sources: Japan Running News, Association of Road Running Statisticians, Power of 10, and Athletics NZ.


3.2 Australian Allcomers

This section is on performances recorded in Australia.

The fastest male in Australia was Wilfred Kipkosgei Murgor (Kenya), 1:01:57 at Melbourne. His performance was 5th fastest ever recorded in Australia.

The fastest female in Australia was Nikki Chapple, 1:11:00 at Gold Coast. Her performance was the 11th fastest ever recorded in Australia.

Allcomers rankings were processed up to 1,000 performers for 2009 to 2013. For the year 2013, 3,054 males and 319 females ran under the 1:30 mark. Depth appeared to be improving with increased participation.


Table 3.2.1: Allcomers rankings (ranked by gun times).

MalesRankFemales
TimeNameEventTimeNameEvent
1:01:57aWilfred Kipkosgei Murgor (KEN)Melbourne11:11:00bNikki Chapple (AUS)Gold Coast
1:03:34Daniel Cheruiyot Yegon (KEN)Melbourne21:11:51Jessica Trengove (AUS)Gold Coast
1:03:56Martin Dent (AUS)Gold Coast31:14:23Abigail Bayley (GBR)Gold Coast
1:03:57Shinichi Yamashita (JPN)Gold Coast41:14:44Tarli Bird (AUS)AV Burnley
1:03:59Ben Moreau (GBR)Gold Coast51:15:05Yuki Sakata (JPN)Gold Coast
1:04:12Ben Ashkettle (NZL)Gold Coast61:15:13Nicki McFadzien (NZL)Gold Coast
1:04:38Liam Adams (AUS)Sydney Morning Herald71:15:37Lauren Shelley (AUS)Gold Coast
1:04:56Harry Summers (AUS)Sydney Morning Herald81:16:12Clare Geraghty (AUS)Noosa
1:05:35Duer Yoa (AUS)Melbourne91:16:17Claire Ashworth (AUS)Sydney Morning Herald
1:05:51Stephen Dinneen (AUS)Gold Coast101:16:39Sarah Klein (AUS)Sydney Morning Herald

a Allcomers record is Pat Carroll's 1:01:11 at Sydney Morning Herald 1994.
b Allcomers record is Lisa Weightman's 1:09:00 at Gold Coast 2010.


Table 3.2.2: Allcomers rankings by year.

MalesRankFemales
2009201020112012201320092010201120122013
1:02:091:03:181:03:401:03:281:01:5711:10:421:09:001:12:191:11:171:11:00
1:04:461:04:421:05:541:05:501:05:51101:15:401:17:061:17:441:16:111:16:39
1:07:281:08:161:09:041:07:221:08:11251:20:211:19:521:20:411:19:381:19:28
1:09:501:10:081:10:471:10:001:09:47501:22:321:22:321:22:461:22:241:22:25
1:12:231:12:431:12:471:12:241:12:281001:26:141:25:531:25:291:24:501:24:38
1:16:201:16:141:16:211:16:111:16:092501:30:101:30:171:29:541:28:591:29:01
1:19:341:19:521:19:401:19:151:19:125001:34:331:34:221:33:581:33:161:32:47
1:23:431:23:441:23:341:23:091:23:071,0001:39:361:38:521:38:441:37:291:36:48

3.3 Wins

The fastest Australian male winner was Martin Dent recording three of the five fastest winning performances.

The fastest Australian female winner was Nikki Chapple recording the four fastest winning performances.

No runner won more than five Australian HMs during the year. Runners winning five HMs:

  • Jane Fardell
  • Timothy Molesworth (best 1:15:24)

Two females were outright winners in Australia: Courtney Gillfillan at Tomewin Mountain Challenge and Nicole Bernardi at Lamington Eco Challenge. Both events on Gold Coast trails.


Table 3.3.1: Fastest winning performances.

MalesOrderFemales
TimeNameEventTimeNameEvent
1:01:57Wilfred Kipkosgei Murgor (KEN)Melbourne Marathon11:11:00Nikki Chapple (AUS)Gold Coast
1:03:56Martin Dent (AUS)Gold Coast21:11:23Nikki Chapple (AUS)Melbourne Marathon
1:04:38Liam Adams (AUS)Sydney Morning Herald31:12:37Nikki Chapple (AUS)AV Burnley
1:05:31Martin Dent (AUS)Hobart41:12:46Nikki Chapple (AUS)Sydney Morning Herald
1:05:39Martin Dent (AUS)Central Coast51:16:12Clare Geraghty (AUS)Noosa
1:06:13Stephen Kelly (AUS)AV Burnley6[1:17:03]Lauren Shelley (AUS)Canberra Marathon
1:07:02Yoshihiro Nishizawa (JPN)Sydney Marathon7[1:17:14]Jane Fardell (AUS)Run Sydney
[1:07:14]Dejen Gebreselassie (AUS)Run Sydney81:17:29Claire Ashworth (AUS)Run Adelaide
1:08:16Alex Dreyer (AUS)Busselton91:18:22Felicity Sheedy-Ryan (AUS)Bunbury
1:09:13Joshua Tedesco (AUS)Perth Half101:18:23Melanie Panayiotou (AUS)Twilight Bay Run

Table 3.3.2: Fastest runner-up (second place) performances.

MalesOrderFemales
TimeNameEventTimeNameEvent
1:03:34Daniel Cheruiyot Yegon (KEN)Melbourne Marathon11:11:51Jessica Trengove (AUS)Gold Coast
1:03:57Shinichi Yamashita (JPN)Gold Coast21:14:44Tarli Bird (AUS)AV Burnley
1:04:56Harry Summers (AUS)Sydney Morning Herald31:16:17Claire Ashworth (AUS)Sydney Morning Herald
1:06:20Mitchel Brown (AUS)AV Burnley41:17:56Anita Keem (AUS)Melbourne Marathon
1:07:15Russell Dessaix-Chin (AUS)Hobart51:18:00Amanda Watson (AUS)Noosa
1:07:56Gemechu Woyecha (AUS)Sydney Marathon61:19:17Jessica Mitchell (AUS)Bay to Bay
1:08:07Dejen Gebreselassie (AUS)Central Coast71:19:26Jane Fardell (AUS)Sydney Marathon
1:09:45Matthew Fenech (AUS)Brisbane Marathon81:19:28Kate Pedley (AUS)Hobart
1:09:47Paul Mackay (AUS)Perth City to Surf9[1:20:36]Fleur Flanery (AUS)Canberra Marathon
1:09:51Chris O'Neill (IRL)Busselton101:21:03Nerissa Campbell (AUS)Brisbane Marathon

4. Events

4.1 Size and Concentration

The largest HM in Australia was Sydney Morning Herald although entrants and finishers decreased.
The largest HM in the world was Gothenburg, Sweden with 45,154 finishers. Sydney Morning Herald was 40th largest HM in the world.

The largest 2, 3, and 5 HMs concentrated 1/4, 1/3, and 1/2 of all finishers in Australia, respectively.

The largest inaugural HM was Run Sydney (previously Run 4 Fun). It extended its longest distance from 10km.

The mean number of finishers was 533 and the median number of finishers was 119.


Table 4.1.1: Half-Marathons ordered by most finishers.

OrderEventFinishersCumulative Finishers2012/13 Percent Change
1Sydney Morning Herald10,45510,455-4.3
2Gold Coast9,22319,6781.9
3Melbourne Marathon9,04628,7244.7
4Sydney Marathon7,61736,3411.8
5Run Melbourne6,07942,420-4.1
6Perth City to Surf4,51646,93624.1
7Brisbane1,79948,73510.8
8Canberra Marathon1,79850,5336.1
9Sunshine Coast1,43151,96424.9
10Run Sydney1,15853,122
Australia82,6319.3

4.2 Growth

Alice Springs, Western Sydney, Great Barrier Reef, and Glow Worm Tunnel more than doubled in finishers albeit from a relatively small base.

Newer events tended to grow at a faster rate. For example, Western Sydney (2010), Great Barrier Reef (2011), Glow Worm Tunnel (2012), or Forster (2011).


Table 4.2.1: Half-Marathons with at least 100 finishers ordered by largest growth.

OrderEventFinishers2012/13 Percent Change
1Alice Springs Marathon154305
2Western Sydney299293
3Great Barrier Reef333211
4Glow Worm Tunnel277113
5Traralgon27075
6Forster19560
7Twilight Bay Run71760
8Joondalup49558
9Sri Chinmoy Dolls Point20045
10Orange21243

4.3 Gender

Sussan Women's was the only all female half-marathon.

Sri Chinmoy Centennial Park had the largest proportion of males with nearly 8 in 10.


Table 4.3.1: Half-Marathons with at least 100 females ordered by largest female proportion.

OrderEventFinishersFemale Percent
1Sussan Women's737100.0
2Great Barrier Reef33359.8
3Bunbury31659.2
4Melbourne Marathon9,04654.7
5Huskinsson27854.7
6Townsville47854.6
7Gold Coast9,22353.6
8Sunshine Coast1,43153.4
9Busselton42152.3
10Adelaide Marathon88052.2

Table 4.3.2: Half-Marathons with at least 100 males ordered by largest male proportion.

OrderEventFinishersMale Percent
1Sri Chinmoy Centennial Park14077.9
2AV Burnley49072.9
3Hidden Half17868.5
4Salomon Trails Race 336168.4
5Sri Chinmoy Como Landing17167.8
6Sri Chinmoy Yarra Boulevard20167.7
7Devilbend16767.1
8Lake Macquarie45765.4
9Darlington36065.0
10Queensland Half40363.5

4.4 Median Times

AV Burnley had the fastest median time of 1:31:13. Perth City to Surf had the slowest median time of 2:14:20.

The fastest median times were mostly from HMs with large proportions of males.


Table 4.4.1: Road half-marathons with at least 100 finishers ordered by fastest 2013 median times.

OrderEvent20092010201120122013
1AV Burnleya1:31:031:29:591:32:071:29:241:31:13
2Brisbane Road Runners1:44:091:45:571:49:321:48:441:41:12
3Hidden Halfa1:41:191:42:081:42:451:44:401:43:02
4Weston Creek1:44:281:46:441:48:431:44:151:43:20
5Sri Chinmoy Centennial Park1:54:121:47:351:48:261:46:281:44:00
6Burdekin Sugar Rush1:40:371:46:431:43:091:47:231:45:30
7Lake Macquarie1:48:011:47:381:50:361:50:151:47:26
8Port Macquarie1:50:421:47:53
9Sri Chinmoy Yarra Boulevard1:40:141:48:171:49:261:45:431:47:54
10Sydney Marathon Clinic (March)1:46:081:45:431:46:521:48:471:48:19

a Incorporated state half-marathon championship


Table 4.4.2: Road half-marathons with at least 100 finishers ordered by slowest 2013 median times.

OrderEvent20092010201120122013
1Perth City to Surf1:54:102:01:151:58:462:04:172:14:20
2Sussan Women's2:11:33
3Alice Springs Marathon2:09:462:00:041:59:092:09:552:04:57
4Sydney Marathon2:00:242:03:472:07:172:01:462:04:54
5Melbourne Marathon1:58:292:00:062:01:252:02:442:04:23
6Gold Coast1:58:401:59:001:59:362:02:532:04:23
7Run Yass Off2:02:34
8Townsville1:49:081:52:171:53:581:58:291:59:21
9Mackay1:50:351:50:231:56:501:58:341:59:18
10Twilight Bay Run1:58:081:59:09

4.5 Entrants and Starters

Entrants and starters were seldom reported.

Sydney Morning Herald had the largest number of entrants with 12,742 followed by Gold Coast with 10,342.

Based on the available data, on average, 16 percent of entrants failed to start and 4 percent of starters failed to finish.


4.6 Entry Prices

Entry fees were recorded for all HMs. Due to different fee structures (for example, early bird), the fee recorded was for an Australian resident entering one week prior to the race, was for a one-off race, and included club membership if required for entry.

The median entry price was $45 for a road HM and was $40 for a trail HM. Entry was approx half the cost of full-marathon average entry.

The largest HMs, Sydney Morning Herald, Gold Coast, and Melbourne, increased their fees by $8, $5, and $5 respectively from 2012.


5. Miscellaneous

5.1 States and Territories

This section is selected national data split into state and territory components. The ACT and NSW are considered one geographic area.

New South Wales had the most events and the most performances. Tasmania had the fewest events but the Northern Territory had the fewest performances.

Queensland had the most performances per capita. Northern Territory had the fewest performances per capita.

Tasmania was the fastest state with a combined median of 1:53:05.


Table 5.1.1: Selected state data ordered by largest population.

OrderStatePopulationaEventsMale PerformancesFemale Performances2012/13 Percent ChangeLargest Event
1NSW7,407,7004414,93711,2825.0Sydney Morning Herald 10,455
2VIC5,737,6003811,03510,75011.5Melbourne Marathon 9,046
3QLD4,658,600398,9889,4263.4bGold Coast 9,223
4WA2,517,200134,6213,51124.6Perth City to Surf 4,516
5SA1,670,800101,9571,73129.4Adelaide Marathon 880
6TAS513,000460553927.5Hobart 761
7ACT383,40081,4021,3263.3Canberra Marathon 1,798
8NT239,500521930240.0ABC Darwin 197
Australia23,130,90016143,76438,8679.3Sydney Morning Herald 10,455

cont.

OrderStateMale Median TimeFemale Median TimeFastest Male PerformancecFastest Female Performancec
1NSW1:50:052:04:18Liam Adams 1:04:38Nikki Chapple 1:12:46
2VIC1:50:512:06:27Wilfred Murgor 1:01:57Nikki Chapple 1:11:23
3QLD1:52:252:06:46Martin Dent 1:03:56Nikki Chapple 1:11:00
4WA1:55:522:12:17Alex Dreyer 1:08:16Felicity Sheedy-Ryan 1:18:22
5SA1:46:232:03:03Jacob Cocks 1:10:26Claire Ashworth 1:17:29
6TAS1:46:222:01:41Martin Dent 1:05:31Karinna Fyfe 1:18:24
7ACT1:48:182:01:46Rowan Walker 1:09:21Lauren Shelley [1:17:03]
8NT1:48:342:05:51Darren Peacock 1:13:40Lucie Hardiman 1:24:33
Australia1:51:012:05:51Wilfred Murgor 1:01:57Nikki Chapple 1:11:00

a Australian Bureau of Statistics estimate at 30 June.
b Twilight was cancelled midrace. Queensland growth estimate if not cancelled, 14%
c Not necessarily state residents.


5.2 Calendar

Of the 161 events, 61 were concentrated in the third quarter, specifically, 25 in August and 9 on the weekend of 17–18 August.

Sunday was the most popular day hosting 137 events. Saturday hosted 21 events.


Table 5.2.1: Distribution of events and performances by month.

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Events36815131819251719126161
Performances9249869025,69213,6253,08617,57213,59410,64412,7931,7411,07282,631